Sumerian Civilization1 It is an astonishing fact that human civilization should have emerged into the light of history in two separate places at just about the same time. Between 3,500 and 3,000 B.C. when Egypt was being united under pharaonic rule, another great civilization arose in Mesopotamia, the “land between the rivers.” And for close to three thousand years, the two rival centers retained their distinct characters, even though they had contact with each other from their earliest beginnings, and their destinies were interwoven in many ways. The pressure that forced the inhabitants of both regions to abandon the pattern of Neolithic village life may well have been the same. But the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, unlike that of the Nile, is not a narrow fertile strip protected by desert on either side. It resembles a wide, shallow trough with few natural defenses, crisscrossed by two great rivers and their tributaries, and is easily encroached upon from any direction. (摘录自新托福真经班讲义) 1. The word astonishing in the passage is closest in meaning to (A) important (B) unknown (C) amazing (D) interesting 2. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information. (A) A great civilization arose in Mesopotamia, the “land between the rivers” under pharaonic rule. (B) Egypt and another great civilization both developed in Mesopotamia between 3500 and 3000 B.C. (C) A great civilization arose in Mesopotamia between 3500 and 3000 B.C. at the same time that ancient Egypt was being united. (D) As Egypt was being united under pharaonic rule, a great civilization arose there. 3. The phrase its substance refers to (A) the political history of ancient Mesopotamia (B) divine kingship (C) Egypt (D) the sudden collapse of military power 4. The word obscure in the passage is closest in meaning to (A) unclear (B) unique (C) controversial (D) important 5. The author mentions Nor did they share the Egyptians’ concern with the hereafter, in order to (A) To provide one explanation for the relatively few physical remains of ancient Sumerian society. (B) To explain why ancient Sumerian built with mud brick and wood rather than with stone. (C) To help account for the fact that tombs and vaulted chambers have been found only at Ur. (D) To counter the claim that all ancient societies paid great attention to the afterlife. 6. According to the passage, it can be inferred that the City of Ur is located in (A) Egypt (B) Persia (C) northern Mesopotamia (D) near the confluence of Tigris and Euphrates 7. The word vast in the passage is closest in meaning to (A) random (B) very large (C) surprising (D) relatively small 8. According to paragraph 2 and 3, the physical characteristics of Mesopotamia affected Sumerian civilization in all of the following ways EXCEPT (A) Foreign invasions were made easy. (B) Creating and maintaining political stability was made difficult. (C) Continuity of cultural and artistic traditions could not be achieved. (D) Sumerian architecture could not produce long-lasting structures. 9. Look at the four [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.
Click on a square [■] to add the sentence to the passage.
SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION 答案1. astonishing = amazing 2. sentence simplification = A great civilization arose in Mesopotamia between 3,500 and 3,000 B.C. at the same time that ancient Egypt was being united. 3. its substance refers to - the political history of ancient Mesopotamia 4. obscure = unclear 5. 原文提到the ancient Sumerians did not "share the Egyptian's concern with the afterlife 〞之reason原因= to provide one explanation for the relatively few physical remains of ancient Sumerian society 6. the "city of Ur"位置= near the confluence of Tigris and Euphrates rivers. 7. vast = very large 8. EXCEPT問題= continuity of cultural and artistic traditions could not be achieved. 9.不是宗教事 简单的证据= the idea of divine ownership served as the basis for the economic organization of Sumerian society. 10. considerable= substantial 11. EXCEPT問題= The local god sometimes fought against the local gods of rival city-stated. 12. insertion問題=第 4个方块 13. fill in a table問題= Ancient Egyptian Civilization ] 政治统一了很久时间 ] 有相当多建筑物遗址 Sumerian Civilization ] 城邦国家是一个特色 ] 从文件中所记载 ] 这一个文明受到外部的侵略 下面为相关内容