发表于 2013/07/21 22:59

破解托福口语高分

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摘要: 托福口语分为2个部分,independent task, 也就是常见的口语第一题...

2016无老师暑假托福走读班

托福口语分为2个部分,independent task, 也就是常见的口语第一题和第二题 (task 1, task 2), 另外便是Integrated task, 也就是常见的口语 第三题到第六题,这其中又两个系列, campus situation (task 3 & task 5) 和academic lecture (task 4 & task 6)

下面会用具体的列子分析每一道题考察的点,

Task 1 & Task 2 Familiar topic

Task 1

这道题会给你一个熟悉的话题让你谈谈一些经历和理解。

答题要点:

① 拿到这道题建议直接找脑子里想到的第一个想法,然后细节展开就可以。第一时间想到的就是最好的,不要去权衡优劣。

② 建议用以下的方式 Topic Sentence — Supporting Sentence — Example/details,也就是主题句+原因或者目的+细节的方式答题。

③ 掌握好时间的控制,主题句+论点句只需1-2句话,要保证至少30-35秒时间在讲例子。

几点注意事项:

① 任何情况下不要使用模板

这道题只说一个点就可以,而且能用自己的经历是最好的。这道题最多只能说二个点,第二个点可以在第一点已经说完还剩余10s左右时间。

③ 有没有结尾无所谓。说不完也并不影响。关键是细节要出来。

以6.8口语小组的 Task 1为例

Talk about the most memorable birthday you have ever had, explain why it is very
memorable.

拿到这题首先想一个自己生日的场景,举出自己的过生日的场景,邀请高中朋友一起,感觉和老朋友reunion很好。
于是我们有了下面的答案:
http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAqb

Task 2

这题多半为同意反对某个statement

答题要点:

① 一定要选择一方面,因为这样更好展开,中立态度不但两边都要照顾,同时也无法展开

② 这道题同样只说一点就可以了,方式依然是采用 Topic Sentence — Supporting Sentence — Example/details,也就是同意或者不同意+原因+具体例子。

③ 考官不会因为你选择的观点不一样而扣分,因此拿到题后脑子里想到的观点就是最好的观点。同时选择的时候一定要找最好说的观点,也就是容易有话说的观点

以6.8的托福考试Task 2为例

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Teenage at sixteen are not mature enough to drive a car. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

拿到题首先确定同意或者不同意哪个好说,然后结合自己,我选择不同意,原因是我21岁拿到license时候仍然有点猛撞,有一次开车手机响了我看了一眼结果差点出车祸。16岁的teenage并不是很自律,很可能被打扰到,这样非常危险

于是我们有了下面的答案。

http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAwE

对于一二题的建议,只说一个点完全足够了,一定要个人化,firstly, secondly这种模板化的词汇最好不要出现。答题建议使用 主题句+论据+具体例子的方法。

Task 3 & Task 5 – Campus Situation

Task 3

也就是Campus situation, 这题是托福口语的第一道综合口语。也就是先阅读材料,然后根据听力回答。

答题要点:

① 阅读材料中的三个点
1) proposal/plan的内容
2) 原因/目的 1
3) 原因/目的 2

② 听力中的两个点
1) 支持或者反对的原因 1
2) 支持或者反对的原因 2

注意事项:

①想要拿高分一定要用自己的话来转述或者复述

②这题开始可以使用firstly, secondly等提示词

以TPO 15 Task 3为例

Reading Part:

University should pave running trails

The university has about three miles of unpaved dirt running trails that pass through the forest near campus. I think there trails should be paved with cement. One reason for paving the trails would be to increase their safety. When it rains, the dirt turns to mud and becomes very slippery, so the runners who use them can slip and fall. Pavement would solve this problem. Also, paving would make the trails look nicer, which would encourage students to use them. Bumps in the trail would be smoothed out and weeds would be paved over, making the trail more attractive to runners.
Sincerely,
Sally Jacobs

你会听到以下内容:
 http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWASp

拿到这道题首先是找5个点,

1) Proposal, pave the dirt trails
2) reason 1, make it safer
3) reason 2, make it nicer and attrack more runners

听力中的两个点

1) will make it not safe but hurt your bones and joints
2) will not attract more runners because student would like to enjoy the nature and get away from campus or city.

记得这题想要拿高分一定要用自己的话说,于是我们有了下面的答案

The proposal is university should pave the dirt trails with cement because by doing this, university can make the trail less slip and the runners won’t be falling. And also, they are hoping the pavement will make the trails look better and attract more runners.

The man thinks this is a terrible idea. Speaking of the reason, he thinks that running on hard surface frequently will not make the runners safer, because being exposed to hard surface will actually lead to injuries and harm to bones or joints. Besides, it won’t attract more runners because the pavement will make the trails just like any other sidewalk. Students like to run on the dirt trail since it makes them feel like getting away from cities and running in the nature.

http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWACf

Task 5

这道题也是campus situation的一道,也是综合口语中最简单的一道。主要是听力材料+作答

答题要点:

① 答题三个点
1) 听力材料中男/女遇到的问题
2) 2个解决方案
3) 你自己的建议

② 关于问题解决方案和你自己的suggestion 建议1:1, 也就是前面30S 后面30 s

注意事项:

① 平衡好答题时间

② 尽量用自己的话说

以TPO 15 Task 5为例

http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWA-2

参考答案:

http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAFF

Task 4 & Task 6 – Academic Lecture

Task 4

Task 4是口语中最难得一道题,因为涉及到一个学术概念,听力中教授用一个例子说明了这个概念。

答题要点:

① 概念定义,用自己的话说明某个概念,技巧:看到诸如 “this is known as”, “this is referred to as”, “this is called”, “people call this”, “people refer to this as”等类似表达的时候 , 此表达的前边一句话 , 很可能便是阅读中概念的定义句 .

② 例子

说明这个例子和概念的关系,这也是很多同学4题只能拿到Fair的原因,因为少了这句话。

注意事项:

① 概念只需要一句话就可以, 用时保证在10-15s

② 例子只需要summary便可以,不用引用过多细节。适当加入小细节可以展示获取信息能力,但是矫枉过正就得不偿失了

③ 一定要简单概括这个例子和概念的关系

④ 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达 , 不会说专有名词不会造成扣分

⑤ 想要口语高分一定要用自己的话来总结概念和例子,同时说出例子和概念的关系。

以下面这道题为例

Perceptual Constancy

How an object affects our senses depends in part on external conditions, and these conditions are always changing. An object viewed from one angle presents a different shape to our eyes than when viewed from another angle; similarly, as the distance from which we view an object changes, the object will appear larger or smaller. In spite of this, even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same. This is what is known as perceptual constancy. If not for perceptual constancy, we might have difficulty recognizing familiar objects if we viewed them in a new and different context.

你会听到以下听力内容:
http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAIa

从 This is what is known as perceptual constancy.我们知道前面一句话就是 Perceptual constancy的定义, even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same

例子中教授举了两个例子

1) kitchen plate角度不同,一个circle, 一个 oval
2) 在教室距离不一样,professor看起来体积不一样。

最重要的第三步便是来说明这个例子如何来支持这个概念的。

1)The first example shows that the shape of the plate changes, but because of the concept of perceptual constancy, we don’t think we have two plates
2) The second example shows that although the professor seems to have different sizes in the two situations, again, because of perceptual constancy, we know he’s the same person.

于是我们有了下面的答案:

http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAJ_

Task 6 – Academic Lecture

目前托福口语Task 6的几种考法

1. 解决一个问题的两个方案
2. 一个物体或方法的两种使用方法
3. 一个过程的两个步骤
4. 一个原因导致的两个现象
5. 一个后果产生的两个原因
6. 一个概念的两种定义

答题要点:

① 5个点

1) 教授在讨论的主题
2) 教授讨论的主题的第一个方面
3) 第一个方面的例子
4) 教授讨论的主题的第二个方面
5) 第二个方面的例子

② 总结听力中的例子时候应该抓住最核心的要点

注意事项:

① 想获得高分一定要用自己的话转述

② 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以使用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达

下面以 TPO 2 Task 6为例

听力内容:
http://vdisk.weibo.com/s/KWAMf

听完内容后会注意到以下5个点

1.The professor is discussing two different definitions of money.
2.A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with.
3.For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills, or even vegetables for a ride.
4.A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, legal tender.
5.For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills, but he does not have to accept vegetables, because vegetables are not legal tender in the U.S.

于是我们有了以下答案:

The professor is talking about two different definitions of money. A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with. For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills for a ride. If they don’t have coins or bills, they may even use vegetables as a form of money to purchase the service, I mean, the ride. A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, in a more formal way, legal tender. For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills because they are legal tender in the U.S., however, he does not have to accept vegetables, because he is not required by the law to do this.

转载自:http://bbs.gter.net/thread-1596093-1-3.html

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相关资源

新托福突破口1-26软件模考旗舰破解版: http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/6633

新托福突破口TPO28,TPO29,TPO30尝鲜版发布!:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/6795

iBT新托福阅读速度的问题,其实不是那么简单:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/3556

新托福突破口TPO(1-27+纸质版)听力音频包:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/6698

iBT新托福镇魂单词题(词汇题)全集(打印版)1.6版:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/6319

2012年iBT新托福听力-阅读经典加试合集 【打印版】【无老师原创】:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/1636

5招打破单词“贝勒爷记不住”的怪圈【无老师原创】:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/1848

新托福突破口TPO读你千遍也不厌倦【无老师原创】:http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/2100

《无老师Toefl词汇红宝书》正式版全免费发布http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/1075

作文巨讲堂使用指南: http://www.ibtsat.com/archives/6510

无老师发布信息的另一权威渠道是无老师微博:http://weibo.com/noteacherwxl 。  

这里有更多最及时的第一手考试信息,托福考位,考试变更,最新资料,满分心得尽在无老师新浪官方微博:http://weibo.com/noteacherwxl 

2016无老师暑假托福走读班

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